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quarta-feira, 2 de janeiro de 2013

First synthesis of gold nanoparticles inside human hair for dyeing and much more

Nano Letters

Gold nanoparticles darken hair after treatment for one day, center, and 16 days, right (untreated hairs, left).
Click here for a high-resolution image.
Credit: American Chemical Society

In a discovery with applications ranging from hair dyeing to electronic sensors to development of materials with improved properties, scientists are reporting the first synthesis of gold nanoparticles inside human hairs. Their study appears in ACS’ journalNano Letters.

Philippe Walter and colleagues explain that gold nanoparticles — 40,000-60,000 of which could fit across the width of a human hair — are a hot topic. Scientists are exploring uses, ranging from electronics and sensors to medical diagnostic tests and cancer treatments. Gold nanoparticles have been deposited on hair for use as electrodes, and gold nanoparticles had been used to dye wool. Walter’s team looked at a new use — dyeing hair, inspired by the ancient Greeks’ and Romans’ use of another metal, lead, to color their hair.

They describe the first synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoparticles inside human hair. It involved soaking white hairs in a solution of a gold compound. The hairs turned pale yellow and then darkened to a deep brown. Using an electron microscope, the scientists confirmed that the particles were forming inside the hairs’ central core cortex. The color remained even after repeated washings.
The authors acknowledge funding from the Agence Nationale de la Recherche.

Click here for a high-resolution image.
ARTICLE #4 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE“Hair Fiber as a Nanoreactor in Controlled Synthesis of Fluorescent Gold Nanoparticles”
CONTACT:Philippe Walter, Ph.D.
Université Pierre et Marie Curie-CNRS
Ivry-sur-Seine, Paris 94200
Phone : +33 1 44 27 82 22
Fax : +33 1 44 27 82 98

American Chemical Society